Wednesday, July 1, 2009


An organization is formed whenever people join hands to accomplish some tasks. Different people have viewed the term 'organization' in different ways. Organizations make possible the complex activities. Organizations are the integral part of modern societies. We find organizations in every sphere of modern life. In one-way or the other, we are also a part of these organizations. A family, a community, club, school, factory, municipality, hospital are all examples of an organizations.

The term 'organization' derives from the Greek word 'org anon' meaning a 'tool' or an 'instrument'. An organization is built around systems, policies, procedures and technology, which create conditions of precision, efficiency and reliability of performance.

The term 'organization' has been defined in various ways by different authors.

According to Chester Barnard(1938), " An organization is a system of consciously coordinated activities of two or more persons."

According to Amitai Etzioni(1964), " Organizations are planned units, deliberately structured for the purpose of attaining specific goals."

To sum up, organization may be defined as an entity that has distinct purpose, includes people or members and has some type of deliberate structure. Also from the above definitions, we came to know that organizations have stated goals, communication networks and others coordinating system. The people who are involved in organizational tasks are willing to cooperate with one another to meet the organizational goals.

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